How To Build¶
If you just want to write MicroPython code for card10, you probably won’t need to build the firmware yourself. This page is for people who want to work on the underlying firmware itself.
gcc, binutils & newlib for
arm-none-eabi: The packages have slightly different names on different distros.
Ubuntu / Debian:
apt install gcc-arm-none-eabi binutils-arm-none-eabi libnewlib-arm-none-eabi
pacman -S arm-none-eabi-gcc arm-none-eabi-binutils arm-none-eabi-newlib
dnf install arm-none-eabi-gcc arm-none-eabi-binutils arm-none-eabi-newlib
macOS (Note: The card10 firmware team used Linux so far. macOS recommendations here are experimental.)
You can use Homebrew to install the required tools. The version of the ARM crosscompiler tool chain is quite important; with the wrong version, e.g. strip and/or ld might throw strange errors.
brew tap px4/px4 brew install px4/px4/gcc-arm-none-eabi-63 brew install coreutils
Alternative: Download ARM’s GNU toolchain. TODO
python3: For meson and various scripts needed for building.
meson (>0.43.0) & ninja: Unfortunately most distros only have very old versions of meson in their repositories. Instead, you’ll probably save yourself a lot of headaches by installing meson from pip.
Ubuntu / Debian:
apt install ninja-build pip3 install --user meson
Arch (has latest meson in the repos):
pacman -S meson
brew install ninja pip3 install --user meson # see https://mesonbuild.com/Getting-meson.html - you will have to add ~/.local/bin to your PATH.
One of two CRC packages is required. Pick one:
Ubuntu / Debian / macOS
pip3 install --user crc16
apt install python3-crcmod
pip3 install --user crcmod
Archpacman -S python-crc16
- python3-pillow: Python Image Library
pip3 install --user pillow
pacman -S python-pillow
master branch of the firmware repository:
$ git clone https://git.card10.badge.events.ccc.de/card10/firmware.git
Initialize the build-system using
Additional arguments to
bootstrap.sh will be passed to meson. You can
use this to for example, to enable one or more of the following optional
-Ddebug_prints=true: Print more verbose debugging log messages
-Dble_trace=true: Enable BLE tracing. This will output lots of status info related to BLE.
-Ddebug_core1=true: Enable the core 1 SWD lines which are exposed on the SAO connector. Only use this if you have a debugger which is modified for core 1.
Our build-system contains a few workarounds around short-comings in meson. These workarounds might break on some setups which we did not yet test. If this is the case for you, please open an issue in our issue tracker!
Build using ninja:
$ ninja -C build/
If ninja succeeds, the resulting binaries are in
build/. They are
available in two formats: As an
.elf which can be flashed using a debugger
and as a
.bin which can be loaded using the provided bootloader. Here is a
list of the binaries:
build/bootloader/bootloader.elf: Our bootloader. It should already be on your card10. The bootloader can only be flashed using a debugger.
build/pycardium/pycardium_epicardium.bin: The entire firmware in one
build/epicardium/epicardium.elf: The core 0 part of the firmware, called Epicardium.
build/pycardium/pycardium.elf: Our MicroPython port, the core 1 part of the firmware.
In order to do a rebuild you can issue a clean command to ninja via
$ ninja -C build/ -t clean
./bootstrap.sh will also clean the build-directory.
strip fails to work on the freshly compiled
“strip: object: (…)/lib/micropython/micropython/mpy-cross/mpy-cross
malformed object (unknown load command 9)”, you a likely not using the
strip that matches to your
which strip && which clang,
and if the paths don’t match, clean up your PATHs, or as a quick hack,
create a symlink for strip.
If you try to flash pycardium_epicardium.bin (renamed to card10.bin)
and the bootloader does not finish updating, the file might be too large.
~700kB is the normal size, but problems were reported where the file size
was >1MB. This was caused by the
tr tool in the build process
(it’s supposed to create a large file with 0xff in it) - this requires the
LC_ALL environment variable to be not set, or set to “C”
(but not UTF8 or similar).
Alternatively, clone the
master branch of the firmware repository and enter it:
$ git clone https://git.card10.badge.events.ccc.de/card10/firmware.git $ cd firmware
Afterwards, build a docker-container which will build the firmware via:
$ docker build -f docker/Dockerfile_fwbuild -t card10-firmware-builder .
Now, you can start the container with the firmware directory mounted, which will build the firmware into the firmware/build directory:
$ docker run -v $(pwd):/firmware card10-firmware-builder